Citation Skills
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This is the "Grade 5 Research Introduction" page of the "KIS Middle School Library" guide.
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Grades 6-8 at Korea International School
Last Updated: Nov 20, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Grade 5 Research Introduction Print Page

The Big6 Research Skills

The Big6™ Skills are six stages of the research process. Sometimes, you might utilize all six, in order, but typically you will use different stages for different needs at different times. You might even repeat some steps. It all depends on what you already know, what you hope to show in your research, and how you want to use the information you gather. 

1. Task Definition

   1.1 Define the information problem

   1.2 Identify information needed

2. Information Seeking Strategies

   2.1 Determine all possible sources

   2.2 Select the best sources

3. Location and Access

   3.1 Locate sources (intellectually and physically)

   3.2 Find information within sources

4. Use of Information

   4.1 Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)

   4.2 Extract relevant information

5. Synthesis

   5.1 Organize from multiple sources

   5.2 Present the information

6. Evaluation

   6.1 Judge the product (effectiveness)

   6.2 Judge the process (efficiency)


Sample Sentences for In-Text Citing

The above picture shows three examples of in-text citations.

The first citation does not include the author's name in the citation because it is mentioned at the beginning of the sentence.

The second citation does include the author's name because it was not previously mentioned in that sentence.

Finally, the third examples shows an in-text citation for a paraphrase of the quote. 


Research skills!


Early Flight

Use the MLA citation to find this article on the history of early flight:

Horne, Charles F., Samuel P. Langley, and Alexander Graham Bell. "Early History of Flight." The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol 19. Harrogate, TN: The National Alunmi, 1926. World Book Advanced. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.


Lunar Exploration

Use the MLA citation to find this source about the moon and the history of lunar exploration:

Spudis, Paul D. "Moon." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.


Sea Voyages

Use the MLA citation to learn more about the history of exploration, including famous sea voyages:

Robinson, Michael F. "Exploration." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.


Race to the South Pole

Use the MLA citation to learn more about the race to the South Pole:

Gough, Barry M. "Amundsen, Roald." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.


Conquering Mt. Everest

Use the MLA citation to learn more about Mt. Everest:

Hillary, Sir Edmund P. "Mount Everest." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.


Deep Ocean Exploration

Use the MLA citation to learn more about deep ocean exploration:

"Special Report: Deep into the Past: Deep-Water Archaeology." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.


Take advantage of these databases for reliable, accessible, and updated research. Username is kis; the default password is welcome.

  • KnightCite
  • World Book Advanced Encyclopedia  Icon
    Online encyclopedia, updated weekly. Ideal for cursory or exploratory research.
  • ABC-CLIO History Database  Icon
    World Geography, World History (Ancient through Modern), and American History databases. Factual/historical entries, journal articles, images, and primary source documents abound.
  • BrainPop  Icon
    BrainPop presents the entire range of subjects in animated lessons. Brief, fun, and informative lessons are great resources for both students and teachers alike. Username is kisbrain; password is brainkis.

The Boolean (Boo-LEE-an) Machine


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